https://dfid.blog.gov.uk/2013/10/31/mafia-style-education/

Mafia style education

Chole Minji Island Primary School. Picture: Ian Attfield/DFID

A little education can go a long way and provide young people with the competitive edge over their neighbours. This message really sunk home to me on a visit to Mafia: a beautiful, unspoilt Indian Ocean island off the coast of Tanzania which is comparatively unknown and undeveloped in comparison to Zanzibar - a major spice and historic trading island and now tourist hub that lies around 100km to the north.

A year had passed since I last visited Mafia island, but the pace of change was palpable, the airport runway had been surfaced, a Chinese road crew were bulldozing a new road across the island to the Marine Park across the island and a fresh water pipe was being laid across the narrow channel that separates the old historic Chole Minji island from the 'Mafia mainland'.

Ancient ruins. Picture: Ian Attfield/DFID

In the 18th and early 19th century Chole Minji was a trading centre for Zimbabwean silver, and like it's more famous neighbours to the North it had a diverse 'stone town' with mosques, a Hindu temple, a jail and at times a slave market. Following raids by cannibals from Madagascar it fell into decline and only in the last 20 years has the outstanding beauty of the island; its ruins, coral reefs, mangroves, baobab trees and indigenous fruit-bats, become more widely appreciated and a marine park formed.

At the Chole Minjo Lodge I met Jean, a South African man of vision and determination, who over 20 years has developed a beautiful eco-tourism lodge (complete with tree houses), that has had time to demonstrate a compelling case study for sustainable, community development, married with 'for profit' economic growth.

The Chole Mjini Conservation & Development Company was formed and as the tourist lodge prospered, villagers were employed and trained, with funds also assisting self-run village development projects. Many were associated with expanding and developing the island's primary school. In 1993 only a 'one classroom, one teacher' school existed and only a single Chole islander had completed primary education. Local traditions held back women; few were involved economically and many were restricted from visiting the main island, only a km away.

Expansion on the proceeds of tourism. Picture: Ian Attfield/DFID

Fast forward 20 years to the present day school I observed that was thriving with a pre-school and several hundred students and a focus on teaching English. Already over 70 students are supported in secondary school and a few are at universities. Many more villagers are employed all over the main island and elsewhere in tourism, where knowledge of English is a key asset. Women are active in commerce and the village is actively prospering as people invest back in the island, I walked past a new mosque going up that was a clear point of pride to the villagers.

Tree house, Mafia Style. Picture: Ian Attfield/DFID

Whilst Chole Minji perhaps represents only a microcosm of good practice, it does contrast with the disaffection arising from the limited benefits that tourism has brought to ordinary Zanzibaris.  Value chain analysis has shown very limited local training, goods, employment and services are on offer, whichlimits benefits to local people. As Mafia Island now starts to develop quickly with its new airport and roads, it will be critical to see an expanded investment to match in education and skills for its younger generation.

2 comments

  1. Scribblink

    The title was a little mis-leading! But a great article. Education is the only solution to helping poor countries develop and reduce - if not erradicate the suffering of millions worldwide.

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  2. Ian Jones

    Mafia island is indeed beautiful, and has benefitted from its isolation. Sadly the worst influences of Western culture will have an adverse impact on the island as tourism increases. TFSR Cymru has considered providing hand tools to the many artisan craft workers, but have been unable to do so as yet due to the massive over-demand in our key areas of Lake Zone and Tanga. I don't know is any DFID staff, yourself included Ian, have visited the Lake Zone, and the TFSR Cymru/SIDO workshop and distribution centre we have in Mwanza, but you would be very welcome. Our latest project, "Pamoja-Together", will focus on developing the artisans livelihoods in whole villages, including the provision of skills and other job related training. Up till now we have done this in a more random way dependant on the assessment of our partner SIDOs technical officers.
    I suppose the point I am trying to make is that Education does not begin and end in formal settings, and there is a need to help and encourage the very successful apprenticeships system that Tanzanian artisans commonly use, but with support from organisations such as ours. Recently, for example, with Welsh Government funding we sent a master blacksmith to Bukoba to train rural blacksmiths is tempering and hardening techniques which were better and more long lasting than those they had been using for generations. This will make their products better, sharper and longer lasting. Again, on a monitoring visit, one of our workers demonstrated to women using sewing machines the critical importance of very limited oiling of machines if they are working in a dusty environment , A small intervention, but with a huge impact.

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